Existing mortgage lending measures outdated and in need of reform - PII
Property Industry Ireland (PII), the Ibec group that represents the property and construction sector, has said that existing mortgage measures in Ireland are outdated and need to be amended to reflect new economic realities. The call comes as PII publishes its submission to the Central Bank’s review of Macroprudential Mortgage Measures (see attached).
Existing mortgage measures were introduced in 2015 to provide stability and ensure prudent lending to support Irish consumers following the global economic recession. These measures have had their desired effect over the last 6 years but the economic context in Ireland has changed significantly since the macroprudential rules were introduced and Ireland’s mortgage measures are now restricting home ownership opportunities for a generation of first-time buyers, young families and lower income households. PII believes Debt Service Ratio, or DSR, should replace the current Loan-to-Income (LTI) limit.
Director of PII David Duffy said: “PII is not calling into the question the importance or the benefits of the mortgage measures. They are an important pillar to managing the systemic and cyclical risk within the sector. However, the design and calibration of these measures needs to be amended to reflect that the economic landscape is significantly different to when the existing measures were introduced in 2015, including the significant reduction in and much wider availability in fixed long-term interest rates.
“Ireland’s current mortgage measures are amongst the strictest in the EU. The existing Loan-to-Income (LTI) model limits mortgage lending to that of 3.5 times the income of the household. The average price of a new home sold to household buyers in Ireland in 2020 was €350,000, requiring the purchaser to have a single or combined income of €90,000 to qualify for a 90% LTV mortgage. Only c. 4% of households in Ireland have incomes at or above this level. This restrictive mechanism is locking out a generation of young families and average income households from home ownership.
“A DSR mechanism calculates how much a household has available to spend after taxes and other loan repayments are taken into account. This sets a limit on how much a household can pay in mortgage repayments based on affordability. DSR is fairer on households because it is focussed on how much a household can repay instead of what their income is.
“Difficulties in accessing home ownership is leading to greater demand and inflation in the rental market. One consequence is that, in many areas, rents are at levels higher than a private market mortgage repayment could be. Declining homeownership amongst our younger age cohorts and increased rental costs significantly impair their ability to own a home and save for a pension at the same time, leading to long-run implications for Irish society and Irish pension and fiscal policy.
“Addressing the housing crisis will require a suite of policies. Amending these mortgage measures will be an important step.”