A diversity focus tends to be proactive and driven by the organisations need and desire for an integrated workplace. It is concerned with nurturing and developing potential and focuses on the individual. The Irish workforce has changed vastly and rapidly over the last two decades. There has been an increase in the number of dual-career couples and in the participation of women at work, immigration of non-Irish nationals has increased and the workforce is ageing significantly. This along with individual differences in the make-up of workers such as marital or family status, sexual orientation, disability or membership of the travelling community, makes for a very diverse labour force and offers challenges for managing these individuals.